History Temple Prambanan
Prambanan Temple is a Hindu temple located in the province of Central Java, Indonesia. Prambanan Temple is also known by the name of Roro Jongrang temple was founded around the year 850 AD by the Sanjaya dynasty. In 1991 ago, the temple was designated as a world cultural heritage by UNESCO which should be protected existence. Prambanan temple has a height of 47 meters or 5 meters higher than Borobudur temple.
Brief History About Prambanan
Prambanan is a Hindu temple located on the border between the two provinces, namely Central Java and Yogyakarta. Location of Prambanan precisely located approximately 30 kilometers north-northeast of the city of Yogyakarta. The temple is located closest to the Prambanan temple there are some that Kalasan, Pawon, Plaosan, Kraton Ratu Boko temple, and many more, which is located just a few kilometers away from Prambanan.
Prambanan is the largest Hindu temple relics in Indonesia, and even believed in Southeast Asia with a height of up to 47 meters. The temple, which has been designated by UNESCO as a cultural heritage was built in the 9th century, and is dedicated to the three major Hindu gods are Brahma as the creator god, Vishnu as the preserver god, and the god Shiva as a god of destruction.
After more than a century of Java controlled by Buddhist Sailendra dynasty, eventually their power slowly faded after experiencing some major defeat. And the history of Prambanan temple was begun at that time. Hindu Sanjaya dynasty slowly and surely beginning to return control of Java.
And to rival Borobudur is the largest Buddhist temple in Java ever built by the Sailendra dynasty, then later Sanjaya Dynasty built a Hindu temple is also not less magnificent.
Prambanan history begins in about the year 850 AD. Prambanan temple was first built by Rakai Pikatan which is the ruling dynasty dynasty at that time. After Rakai Pikatan, Prambanan Temple history continues with the massive construction undertaken by King Lokapala and followed again by Balitung Maha Sambu who is the ruler of the kingdom of Mataram of Sanjaya dynasty. Then the construction of the temple then still continued by King Daksha and Tulodong to build ancillary temples are small temples are huge numbers even in the hundreds.
Based on the history of Prambanan obtained from some historical evidence, it is believed Prambanan temple used to worship events and various other religious events. Also believed to be around Prambanan complex of buildings there are also some that are a kind of temple or the residence of the Brahmin or Buddhist Priest.
And the presence of several large complexes in the area around the temple, it is also believed that this region is the location of the administrative center of the kingdom of Mataram Hindu Sanjaya dynasty. It is also reinforced by the discovery of the ruins of Ratu Boko temple complex which is situated only about 5 kilometers south of Prambanan.
Ratu Boko temple complex are the ruins of a fairly wide enshrinement. And based on some historical evidence, it is believed Ratu Boko temple complex are the ruins of the former royal palace complex of Hindu Mataram. And it is believed this is where the central government is the Hindu Mataram kingdom. It is also supported by the many temples both large and small are found around this area. If the calculated possible the number could reach hundreds of temples both large and temples are in ruins.
There is an inscription that has been found and to the year 856 AD that Shivagrha inscription. And based on the inscription Shivagrha, said that the Prambanan temple was built in honor of Lord Shiva which is the biggest Hindu gods. And based on the inscription was also mentioned that this temple was first named as Shiva-grha which means house of Shiva and also called Shiva-laya which means the Kingdom of Shiva.
History Prambanan is also not free from Shivagrha inscription also mentions about the course of a large project which also take place simultaneously with the construction of Prambanan. Big projects going on around the outside of this are complex enshrinement Peel River project. Peel River is a large river that flows to the north of Prambanan.
Mentioned that the initially opaque River flows from the north of the temple complex to the east, then deflected the flow to near the temple. Peel watershed cutting is done by cutting the flow of water in the north and deflected directly toward the south just past the east Prambanan.
The Collapse Of Prambanan
Prambanan history ended when the Royal Palace Mataram shifted and moved to East Java. Believed to be the cause of the location of the center of government's move is caused by the eruption of Mount Merapi which is north of the temple. The other cause is the existence of large rebellions that occurred in the Sanjaya dynasty itself. And the movement of the center of government is carried out by the MPU SINDOK in the year 930 AD who later founded Dynasty Isyana.
Once abandoned, Prambanan slowly begin to deteriorate and eventually suffered massive destruction as a result of a major earthquake that occurred in the 16th century. And finally Prambanan really just a small debris that amounted to hundreds. Yet despite all the surrounding communities are still highly respect the existence of the ruins of the temple to the extent that the legend arose Jonggrang are quite famous.
Rediscovery And Restoration
After hundreds of years abandoned and in ruins, history Prambanan begin to see the light after Britain keen to restore the glory of this temple. Colin Mackenzie is a fruit that is a child of Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles came across the ruins of Prambanan and assigned to perform the excavation. But it was not smooth sailing, and ruins still remain dormant.
Some restoration ever undertaken by the Dutch government in 1880, 1918, and finally a large scale restoration in 1930 and ended in 1953, which was inaugurated directly by the first president of Indonesia, Sukarno. Later in the history of Prambanan, in 2006 the temple was again experienced heavy damage resulting from an earthquake that rocked Yogyakarta and surrounding area. But once the temple was soon gain a thorough repair.
Prambanan beauty will never end. Since it was first built up at the present time is very often used for religious ceremonies until the various tour events. Until now Hindus still use the temple complex for religious ceremonies. Particularly during the holidays, for example in the Hindu religion, it is not uncommon this place seem crowded with acanya religious ceremony held here.
While in the west of the temple was built a stage routine Ramayana presented to the tourists who visit the various tourist attractions in Yogyakarta as well as a special visit Prambanan temple. Ramayana Ballet is a dance spectacle featuring the story of the Hindu story of Ramayana. This dance performance is very attractive for tourists, especially foreign tourists. But of course there is a special entrance ticket sold to be able to enjoy this ballet. The tickets are quite expensive for local tourists, but if you see the performing arts, the price to be paid is quite comparable to the beauty of the dance are staged.
Towards access Prambanan
Prambanan temple site is located on the edge of the highway Yogyakarta - Solo so it can be easily accessed from anywhere. For visitors coming from the direction of Yogyakarta in order to get to this location just spend Rp.3.000 - Rp.4.000 with Transjogja boarded the bus and other public transportation advice. If a visitor from Solo only cost Rp.3,000. Meanwhile, when the visitors came from the direction of Klaten Klaten can choose majors bus - Prambanan.