Baluran National Park, African Exoticism In Java
The beach is often a favorite tourist spot for most people to take a vacation. Java Island has many wonderful beaches to be missed. However, if you want to try other natural attractions, visit the national parks can be used as an alternative option. One of the national parks in Java is interesting is Baluran National Park. The park is often referred to as his African Indonesia.
Conditions Baluran National Park
Baluran National Park is the largest savanna in Java with animal and plant species are diverse. A visit to this location makes you as being in Africa. That is why the National Park is often referred to as his African Indonesia.
Here you will be treated to a view of the deer herd running toward the puddles to drink, the peacock spread its tail, hordes of buffaloes and elephants, dozens of eagles that fly to find food to monkeys hanging from the trees. The scenery is exactly like that can be found in Africa.
In addition to the hordes of animals that are free to move in the wild you will also be treated to views of 444 native plant species typical as Widoro bukol (Ziziphus rotundifolia), and neem (Azadirachta indica). The third plant is a plant species that is able to adapt to very dry conditions. When other plants have started to dry, the third species is still green.
In addition to 444 species of plants, here too there are 26 species of mammals and 155 species of birds. Mammals that live in Baluran National Park, such as bison, deer, leopards, deer, and cat mangrove. There are also some rare birds such as kites fire, tuwuk / Asian Koel, red jungle fowl, hornbill, hornbills, and the stork casks.
Baluran National Park is representative of the dry forest ecosystem in Java with savanna vegetation types, mangrove forest, monsoon forest, coastal forest, lower montane forest, swamp forest, and forest green. 40 percent of savannah vegetation dominates the park.
Climate in Baluran National Park including a dry climate with humidity levels of 77% and is influenced by a strong southeast wind flow. With relatively dry temperatures, during the dry season the water on the soil surface will be very limited.
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What To Do
If you are lovers of photography, it is advisable to begin the trip down Baluran National Park in the morning start at 4:00 or 5:00 in the morning so you can watch a beautiful sunrise on the sidelines of the fog and trees. Guaranteed the images you will be much more dramatic, landscape photography African style.
Another good location from which you can spot to see the sunrise is Bama beach. In the vicinity of this beach there magrove forest conservation areas and not to be missed. Please be careful while in this area, because there are a lot of monkeys hanging around who are ready to take the camera, and the rest of your luggage.
In addition to enjoying the sunrise, Bama Beach you can walk around Baluran National Park boat rented on the beach. With sail into deeper water you can snorkel while enjoying the diversity of marine life.
You can feel the sensation roam the African savannah to try trekking in the savannah along Baluran National Park. When trekking here, you have to walk, not with SUV or car. Calculated all sports. You do not need to worry about the animals that are here, because when they hear the sound of a car, they will go back to the forest.
The best time to visit Baluran National Park is from March to August. Between July and August, you can watch the fight between the deer, the monkey crab hunting, and dancing peacocks.
For those of you who want to camp, here also provided camping ground by the manager. Here also there is a bathroom and good water installations.
You are prohibited to interrupt, destroy, take, or hunting flora and fauna that exist here. It is advisable for you to bring supplies of food and beverages alone, because there are no special facilities for culinary.
Location And Access
Baluran National Park is located in the region Banyuputih, Wongsorejo Situbondo and Banyuwangi (north), East Java, Indonesia. The north side of the park is bordered by the Madura Strait, while the east by the Strait of Bali. In the midst of this national park are Mount Baluran which is currently not an active volcano again. In addition, this national park is flanked by Mount Semeru and Mount Ijen.
For those of you who are outside the province of East Java must first come to the city of Surabaya. From Surabaya you can take the coastal strip north eastwards past the town of Pasuruan, Probolinggo, Situbondo and Banyuputih. On arrival at Banyuputih take the road leading to the village room. Continue your journey to the village Wongosorejo, on the way to this village later took the road turn left towards the visitor center.
If the you are in the eastern region of East Java, can take the path of Banyuwangi - Batangan - Bekol with a distance of about 47 km. Or you can also take the route of Situbondo - Batangandengan with a distance of 60 km.
The road leading to the Baluran National Park is very convenient because it was paved and a traffic lane that connects the province of Bali, Banyuwani with the city of Surabaya so that those who are in nearby towns can access easily.
Arriving at Bekol, to get to the entrance of the National Park, you'll pass through the thin asphalt road as far as approximately 15 km so it is recommended for those who bring a personal vehicle or renting a car is not used sedan, but preferably using SUV.